B&B? Pot ‘N Pot? Below is a guide to understanding Horsford’s plant sizes and growing.
B&B = Balled and burlapped
The plant grew in the ground and was dug by hand or with a tree spade. It was then wrapped with burlap and large trees are also placed in a wire basket for transport and handling. We call these field-dug plants. Some shrubs like our field-grown lilac and most large evergreens are B&B.
Pot ‘N Pot / PnP = Container trees
This is a growing system at the nursery where container trees are grown within vessels the same size and submerged in the ground (think, a pot in a pot). The in-ground system moderates temperature and moisture reliably, and root pruning bags prevent circling roots.
We grow plants in a range of containers. We accept our own containers back for reuse. We cannot accept containers from other garden centers since they can differ in size or be different weights of material that don’t hold up in reuse.
From smallest to largest:
Plugs – select perennial ground covers like vinca and thyme
3″ pots – annual flowers, vegetable starts, kitchen herbs, select perennials
4-packs – annual flowers, vegetable starts, kitchen herbs
Flat – used to describe 18, 3″ pots or cell trays of 50 small plugs
1-gallon – most perennials
2-gallon – larger or faster-growing perennials like peonies, grasses and hosta
3-gallon – shrubs, trees
5-gallon – shrubs, trees
7-gallon – most fruit trees, trees
10-gallon – trees, some fruit trees
15-gallon – trees, some fruit trees
Two-year = One-gallon
We use two-year to describe a perennial that was seeded or planted, grown for a season, and then overwintered at the nursery, making it two years old. It means the plant has survived a Vermont winter under our care.
CAL = Caliper
Caliper measures the largest diameter of a tree’s trunk. Trees four inches and larger are measured 12″ above the ground. We begin pricing trees by the caliper at 1.75″, up to 7″ and sometimes even larger. Trees measured in caliper are usually B&B.
Single stem, Clump, and Multi-Stem
Terms used to indicate the number of trunks certain plants have. Single stem is a typical tree with one trunk. Clump means multiple single-stem trees were grown together to achieve a plant that has multiple trunks (ie: birch, serviceberry). Multi-stem shrubs or trees have a single base but they branch low to the ground (ie: magnolia). Multi-stem plants create density with multiple branches, versus growing individual suckers from the ground (ie: lilac).
“How will I get it home?” Here’s what to expect when transporting your plant:
B&B – some smaller B&B shrubs may fit in an SUV, B&B trees usually require a pickup truck. Please bring a tarp of some sort when it’s time to bring your plant home. They protect branches from rubbing and leaves from falling off while driving. We do have tarps available for purchase. We’re happy to help you load and tie up your plants for transport.
Containers – those up to 5-gallon typically fit in a regular vehicle. Seven, 10 and 15-gallon containers may be able to fit in an SUV, but it just depends on the species, time of year, and size of vehicle. It also depends on the number of trees or plants you’re bringing home.
As always, it is best to visit the nursery with your vehicle to double-check. We do offer delivery and planting services.